Download PDF by William H. Schneider: Quality and Quantity: The Quest for Biological Regeneration

By William H. Schneider

ISBN-10: 052152461X

ISBN-13: 9780521524612

This e-book examines intimately how eugenics in early twentieth-century France supplied a wide conceal for numerous reform hobbies that tried to lead to the organic regeneration of the French inhabitants. like all different societies in this interval, France confirmed a turning out to be curiosity in natalist, neo-Lamarckian, social hygiene, racist, and different biologically-based pursuits as a reaction to the belief that French society used to be in a nation of decline and degeneration. William Schneider's research presents a desirable account of makes an attempt to use new discoveries in biology and medication towards the development within the inherited organic caliber of the inhabitants via such measures as contraception, premarital examinations, sterilization, and immigration restrict. it's the first try and set forth the main elements of French eugenics either for comparability with different nations and to teach the interplay of a few of the pursuits that comprised it.

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61 Perrier, who held the chair of anatomy/zoology at the Museum of Natural History, was obviously not shy about drawing broad general conclusions from his scientific research. 62 Perrier's ideas stemmed from his research on hydra, coral, and other coelenterata - organisms that had fascinated biologists at least since the eighteenth century, when the regenerative capacity of polyps was studied in detail. 63 Perrier went much further in developing a theory that not only explained the diversity but the formation of whole, new, more complex organisms.

In 1872 a French Temperance Society was founded along the lines of the English and American movements. " Although hardly striking at the root of the problem - its sponsors complained as much of having to share the streets with drunks as they did of alcohol's contribution to the Commune - the law was a first step toward government recognition of the problem, and by the mid-i88os public drunkenness had become the most frequently cited cause for arrest in Paris. 36 Degeneration and regeneration 21 The anti-alcohol movement generally failed to persuade the public that the Commune was anything but political in origin.

82 In 1902, a monthly column entitled "Practical puericulture" appeared in the journal and offered such folk wisdom as not having children in winter because it was too cold and harsh on the newborns. 85 In fact, the journal was one "of the only publications in France to use the word Degeneration and regeneration 37 "eugenics" in any consistent way before the London Congress of 1912. As the editors had done earlier in Regeneration, Gros took special delight in following the pronouncements of Pinard and pointing out how they coincided with the position of Le Malthusien.

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Quality and Quantity: The Quest for Biological Regeneration in Twentieth-Century France by William H. Schneider

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