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By Kurt Salzinger

ISBN-10: 1483232646

ISBN-13: 9781483232645

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The fourth dolphin has shaped up better than any of the others to date. In the fourth case we are doing some experiments which I suggested in Man and Dolphin, of the mother-child kind of situation. Miss Howe lived with Peter day and night 24 hours a day for 6 days a week for 6 months. She did a preliminary series of 1 week, 7 days and nights. She slept in the same room with the dolphin; the room was flooded to about sixteen inches with sea water. Dolphin sleeping habits can be rough on a human.

The other problem is that of discovering the mechanism inside, in which case the behaviors need not be superficially similar. I would like to suggest that the reason why the young child does not respond to reinforcement is that in his early years, if he begins to respond continuously, he loses the advantage of learning from those around him. Instead he coos infrequently and at random, resulting in partial reinforcement and at the same time the parents are forced to pour language into him. It is possible, at least in humans, that this would be a reasonable mechanism.

Linguists use a modification of an operant conditioning procedure as one method for arriving at the phonemic and syntactic rules of a new language. They emit responses in various orders and contexts and receive positive reinforcement from their informants only when their responses 44 KURT SALZINGER match responses in the informants' language. The remaining ways of defining response classes will be covered in general terms only. Common Stimulus A response class can be defined by specifying the stimulus that controls the emission of a group of responses.

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Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications by Kurt Salzinger

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