J. H. Abramson's Research Methods in Community Medicine: Surveys, PDF

By J. H. Abramson

ISBN-10: 0470986611

ISBN-13: 9780470986615

ISBN-10: 0470987235

ISBN-13: 9780470987230

  • A uncomplicated and systematic consultant to the making plans and function of investigations excited by wellbeing and fitness and ailment and with healthiness careContent:
    Chapter 1 First Steps (pages 1–12):
    Chapter 2 varieties of research (pages 13–34):
    Chapter three phases of an research (pages 35–37):
    Chapter four Formulating the ambitions (pages 39–48):
    Chapter five The goals of Evaluative stories (pages 49–60):
    Chapter 6 The examine inhabitants (pages 61–68):
    Chapter 7 keep watch over teams (pages 69–76):
    Chapter eight Sampling (pages 77–90):
    Chapter nine choosing circumstances and Controls for Case?Control experiences (pages 91–99):
    Chapter 10 The Variables (pages 101–108):
    Chapter eleven Defining the Variables (pages 109–116):
    Chapter 12 Definitions of ailments (pages 117–123):
    Chapter thirteen Scales of size (pages 125–132):
    Chapter 14 Composite Scales (pages 133–142):
    Chapter 15 equipment of gathering facts (pages 143–150):
    Chapter sixteen Reliability (pages 151–160):
    Chapter 17 Validity (pages 161–178):
    Chapter 18 Interviews and Self?Administered Questionnaires (pages 179–192):
    Chapter 19 developing a Questionnaire (pages 193–202):
    Chapter 20 Surveying the reviews of a Panel: Consensus tools (pages 203–207):
    Chapter 21 using Documentary resources (pages 209–224):
    Chapter 22 making plans the documents (pages 225–232):
    Chapter 23 making plans the dealing with of knowledge (pages 233–239):
    Chapter 24 Pretests and different arrangements (pages 241–245):
    Chapter 25 gathering the information (pages 247–250):
    Chapter 26 Statistical research (pages 251–257):
    Chapter 27 analyzing the Findings (pages 259–268):
    Chapter 28 Making feel of institutions (pages 269–296):
    Chapter 29 software of the learn Findings (pages 297–304):
    Chapter 30 Writing a document (pages 305–311):
    Chapter 31 quick Epidemiological tools (pages 313–324):
    Chapter 32 medical Trials (pages 325–344):
    Chapter 33 Programme Trials (pages 345–355):
    Chapter 34 Community?Oriented basic Care (pages 357–372):
    Chapter 35 utilizing the net for overall healthiness examine (pages 373–381):

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Extra info for Research Methods in Community Medicine: Surveys, Epidemiological Research, Programme Evaluation, Clinical Trials, Sixth Edition

Sample text

The relationship between schizophrenia and prenatal exposure to the famine that occurred in the western Netherlands in 1944–1945 is described by Susser E, Neugebauer R, Hok HW, Brown AS, Lin S, Labovitz D, Gorman JM (Schizophrenia after prenatal famine: further evidence. Archives of General Psychiatry 1996; 53: 25). The association was confirmed in a study of the aftermath of the Chinese famine of 1959–1961 (St Clair D, Xu M, Wang P, Yu Y, Fang Y, Zhang F, Zheng X, Gu N, Feng G, Sham P, He L. Rates of adult schizophrenia following prenatal exposure to the Chinese famine of 1959–61.

It yields information about new and changing needs, and provides a basis for appraising the effects of health care. A watch may be kept on health status – in terms of mortality, morbidity, nutritional status, child growth and development, or other indices – and on environmental hazards, health practices, and other factors that may affect health. There is considerable confusion about the use of the terms ‘surveillance’ and ‘monitoring’, and they are often used interchangeably. g. ’54 Surveillance of the occurrence of diseases, especially infectious diseases, may be based on ongoing or periodic examination of data collected by clinical care services, or on reporting (sometimes required by law) by clinicians or laboratories.

Doll R, Peto R. The causes of cancer. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1981. pp. 1204–1205. 22. Breslow NE, Enstrom JE. Geographic correlations between cancer mortality rates and alcohol–tobacco consumption in the United States. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1974; 53: 531. Individual-based studies yield conflicting findings on this issue. 23. Schwartz S. The fallacy of the ecological fallacy: the potential misuse of a concept and the consequences. American Journal of Public Health 1994; 84: 819.

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Research Methods in Community Medicine: Surveys, Epidemiological Research, Programme Evaluation, Clinical Trials, Sixth Edition by J. H. Abramson

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