By Yuhong Du, Zhijun Sun
This ebook covers examine at the financing of obligatory schooling in rural China and offers a hugely informative learn for readers who're attracted to the difficulty of financing obligatory schooling in bad components. Basing on info accrued from box stories in 12 counties in four provinces round China, this e-book provides the present prestige of a brand new mechanism introduced by means of the chinese language govt in 2005 order to make sure investment for obligatory schooling within the really terrible rural components. This mechanism is conceived as a milestone in chinese language obligatory schooling heritage, marking the institution of a central authority sponsoring version for obligatory schooling in rural China. via comparative research, the learn unearths that the hot mechanism not just lightens peasant households’ fiscal burden for having their young children receiving obligatory schooling, but additionally breaks the bottleneck of proscribing investment for rural obligatory schooling. The examine then additionally identifies the problems and demanding situations for destiny improvement.
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Proper handling of the crowding-out effect from multi-level governments plays a key role in the success of new mechanisms. In the long term, these mechanism should be carried out in an earnest manner to guarantee compulsory education expenditures. Chapter 2 Study on Non-personnel Expenditure Standards for Rural Compulsory Education Non-personnel expenditures for primary and junior secondary school are expenditures that ensure regular operation, teaching activities, and logistic services. These expenditures are important for guaranteeing that the school can accomplish schooling and teaching tasks, improve education quality, and maintain regular operation.
5-fold compared with 2003. 1 Non-personnel Expenditure Standards for Rural Compulsory Education … 27 2. The Rise of the Proportion of Non-personnel Expenditures in Regular Expenditures The regular expenditures for primary and junior secondary schools are composed of personnel expenditures and non-personnel expenditures. The proportion of non-personnel expenditures in regular expenditures for rural primary schools increased to 22 % in 2006 from 19 % in 2003. The proportion for rural junior secondary schools increased from 26 % in 2003 to 28 % in 2006.
Take the boarding schools’ related expenses as an example: More staff resources will be needed for dormitory management and catering. These resources normally are not included as formal staff and their salaries are mainly from non-personnel expenditures. Non-personnel expenditure standards as implemented may not meet this demand. 4 The Standard of Living Subsidy for Poor Boarding Students Is Relatively Low and Expenditure Guarantee Needs to Be Further Strengthened Although the state planned to implement a policy of equal sharing of subsidies for poor boarding students by the central government and local authorities, and the sources of the subsidy have been guaranteed to some extents, the subsidy standards are still low compared to the living costs for low-income boarding students.
Research on Compulsory Education Financing in China by Yuhong Du, Zhijun Sun