Get RETHINKING AUTISM: Variation and Complexity PDF

By Lynn Waterhouse

ISBN-10: 0124159613

ISBN-13: 9780124159617

The media, medical researchers, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual all check with "autism" as though it have been a unmarried disease or a unmarried affliction over a spectrum. despite the fact that, autism is in contrast to any unmarried illness in numerous methods. No unmarried mind deficit is located to reason it, no unmarried drug is located to impact it, and no unmarried reason or therapy has been chanced on regardless of super examine efforts to discover related. Rethinking Autism stories the medical study on explanations, symptomology, direction, and remedy performed to date…and attracts the possibly surprising end that "autism" doesn't exist as a unmarried disease. The conglomeration of indicators exists, yet like fever, these signs aren’t a illness in themselves, yet quite due to the another cause(s). basically by way of ceasing to consider autism as a unmarried affliction do we ever develop study to extra adequately parse why those indicators take place and what the several and sundry motives may perhaps be.

  • Autism is an important around the globe challenge with expanding occurrence charges, now regarded as as excessive as 1 in 38 teenagers (Korea) and 1 in a hundred little ones (CDC- US)
  • Autism is the 3rd most typical developmental incapacity; 400,000 humans within the usa by myself have autism
  • Autism impacts the total mind, together with verbal exchange, social habit, and reasoning and is lifelong
  • There is not any recognized reason and no cure
  • Funding for autism learn quadrupled from 1995 to 2000 as much as $45 million, and the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee has instructed $1 billion investment from 2010-2015

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Extra info for RETHINKING AUTISM: Variation and Complexity

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However, autism was Kanner’s theory, and his theory was based on a limited set of observations. This transformation is called reification. Reification is the conversion of a theorized entity into something assumed and believed to be real. Sociologists have argued that reification of autism is reflected in diagnostic substitution. Diagnostic substitution occurs when an autism diagnosis replaces the diagnosis of intellectual disability, severe language disorder, or other developmental disorder. In their book The Autism Matrix, sociologists Eyal, Hart, Onculer, Oren, and Rossi (2009) argued that autism has been reified as the most prototypical form of brain development disorder.

In DSM-5, the Neurodevelopmental Disorders group includes six subgroups: Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Communication Disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Learning Disorders, and Motor Disorders. The reality is that genetic, environmental, and brain deficit research has demonstrated causal links between Intellectual Disability and autism, Communications Disorders and autism, ADHD Autism Heterogeneity 35 behaviors and autism, and Motor Disorders and autism.

Environmental risk factors for autism are wideranging and include older parents, birth process problems, spacing of pregnancies, and extremely premature birth. Gestational environmental factors such as maternal alcohol use or maternal infection have also been associated with an elevated risk of autism. , 2009). All environmental agents link autism to other outcomes. For example, extreme prematurity has a range of outcomes, including typical development, intellectual disability, physical disabilities, and autism.

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RETHINKING AUTISM: Variation and Complexity by Lynn Waterhouse

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