Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on by Jeffrey L. Elman, Elizabeth A. Bates, Mark H. Johnson, PDF

By Jeffrey L. Elman, Elizabeth A. Bates, Mark H. Johnson, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Domenico Parisi, Kim Plunkett

ISBN-10: 0262050528

ISBN-13: 9780262050524

ISBN-10: 0585020345

ISBN-13: 9780585020341

Rethinking Innateness asks the query, "What does it rather suggest to assert habit is innate?" The authors describe a brand new framework during which interactions, taking place in any respect degrees, provide upward thrust to emergent types and behaviors. those results usually can be hugely restricted and common, but aren't themselves at once inside the genes in any domain-specific approach. one of many key contributions of Rethinking Innateness is a taxonomy of how within which a habit might be innate. those comprise constraints on the point of illustration, structure, and timing; as a rule, behaviors come up during the interplay of constraints at numerous of those degrees. the tips are explored via dynamic versions encouraged via a brand new type of "developmental connectionism," a wedding of connectionist types and developmental neurobiology, forming a brand new theoretical framework for the examine of behavioral improvement. whereas depending seriously at the conceptual and computational instruments supplied by way of connectionism, Rethinking Innateness additionally identifies ways that those instruments must be enriched by means of nearer cognizance to biology.

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Extra resources for Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development

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And outcomes which are observed at one level may be produced by constraints which occur at another. Given our perspective, we have also found it useful to consider how these constraints might be implemented both in natural sys- < previous page page_23 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_24 next page > Page 24 tems (brains) as well as in the artificial systems (networks) we use to model those natural systems. Sometimes the correspondence is ready and obvious, but there are also cases where we do not yet have a clear understanding of how a constraint might be implemented.

Representational constraints have the most specific and direct relationship to knowledge; architectural constraints operate at a more general level with less directly obvious relationship to resulting knowledge; and timing constraints are typically the most opaque with regard to outcome. Let us consider each of these possibilities. ) < previous page page_24 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 (1) Representational constraints One of the strongest hypotheses one might advance is that knowledge and behaviors are innate by virtue of the representations which subserve them being "hard-wired" in advance.

This suggests that cortex has far more representational < previous page page_26 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 plasticity than previously believed. , 1991; Ramachandran, 1993; see also Greenough, Black, & Wallace, 1993). One cannot entirely rule out the possibility that neurons are born "knowing" what kinds of representations they are destined to take on, but right now the case for innate representations does not look very good. However, this does not mean that there is no case for innate constraints on higher cognitive processes.

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Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development by Jeffrey L. Elman, Elizabeth A. Bates, Mark H. Johnson, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Domenico Parisi, Kim Plunkett


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