By R. Malcolm Errington
The department of the overdue Roman Empire into theoretically cooperating elements by way of the brothers Valentinian and Valens in 364 deeply motivated many facets of presidency in all the divisions. even if the imperial guidelines in this well-documented and formative interval are in most cases understood to were pushed through the spiritual and ideological goals of the emperors, R. Malcolm Errington argues that the emperors have been truly even more pragmatic of their choice making than has formerly been assumed.
The department of duties among the emperors necessarily inspired separate advancements and allowed in the community various and sometimes altering imperial attitudes towards assorted different types of non secular trust. Errington demonstrates that the most stimulus for motion during this interval almost always got here from under the extent of the imperial govt, and never from an imperial initiative. Extending the idea of Fergus Millar into the later empire, Errington argues that the emperors have been essentially reactive to locally provided details, as Millar has asserted used to be the case for the excessive Empire. therefore, regardless of major structural adjustments, the empire remained extensively conventional in its operations.
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Additional info for Roman Imperial Policy from Julian to Theodosius (Studies in the History of Greece and Rome)
But Maximus may well have trusted to Theodosius’s well-known laid-back pragmatism. He had already experienced it in the negotiations after Gratian’s death, and perhaps he thought he had a good chance in the interests of administrative and military eﬃciency of persuading Theodosius to accept a fait accompli again, once he had taken Valentinian and his entourage into custody and gained administrative control of the strategically vital central prefecture—especially when such a move was accompanied by the bonus of religious orthodoxy.
17 Valentinian, however, was irritated at the army’s interference and postponed his compliance with their wishes, asserting that he needed time to ﬁnd a capable man whom he trusted, but he also admitted that there was no escaping the pressure in the long term. By the time the troops reached Constantinople he had decided. 18 The period of one-man rule was over, and as long as the united empire in East and West existed, it did not recur. ’’ Toward the end of April the new emperors left Constantinople together on the great military road through the Balkans, moving via Serdica (Soﬁa) and Naissus (Niš) to Sirmium (Srmska Mitrovica).
From all this it emerges that the cause of the war was a puzzle also to contemporaries, who ﬂed to explanations of sudden extravagant dynastic loyalty or sexual enticement to explain it to themselves. Valentinian and his mother returned to Italy by ship (thus elegantly preventing any suspicion that the young man might have participated in the victory), but Justina died soon afterward, and the personal loss deprived him of such driving force as he had ever had. What had all this to do with the governmental problems of the empire?
Roman Imperial Policy from Julian to Theodosius (Studies in the History of Greece and Rome) by R. Malcolm Errington