By Timothy G. Townsend, Jon Powell, Pradeep Jain, Qiyong Xu, Thabet Tolaymat, Debra Reinhart
Solid waste administration is an international predicament, and landfilling continues to be the important administration technique in so much components of the realm. This ebook presents a entire view of state of the art the right way to deal with landfills extra sustainably, drawing upon greater than twenty years of analysis, layout, and operational reports at working websites internationally. Sustainable landfills enforce one or a number of applied sciences to regulate and increase the degradation of waste material to gain a large number of strength advantages in the course of or almost immediately after the landfill’s working section. This publication offers exact ways within the improvement, layout, operation, and tracking of sustainable landfills. Case stories showcasing the advantages and demanding situations of sustainable landfill applied sciences also are supplied to offer the reader extra context. The reason of the publication is to function a reference consultant for regulatory group of workers, a pragmatic instrument for designers and engineers to construct on for site-specific purposes of sustainable landfill applied sciences, and a finished source for researchers who're carrying on with to discover new and higher how one can extra sustainably deal with waste materials.
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Extra info for Sustainable Practices for Landfill Design and Operation
The Solid Waste Association of North America (2002) defines a bioreactor landfill as: a controlled landfill or landfill cell where liquid and gas conditions are actively managed in order to accelerate or enhance biostabilization of the waste. The bioreactor landfill significantly increases the extent of organic waste decomposition, conversion rates, and process effectiveness over what would otherwise occur with the landfill. 32 2 Waste and Landfill Fundamentals Potential advantages of this approach include: decomposition and biological stabilization in years versus decades in “dry tombs,” reduced leachate disposal costs, a gain in landfill air space due to the rapid stabilization of waste mass, increased LFG generation that when captured can be used for energy, and reduced post-closure care.
Lewis, Boca Raton Solid Waste Association of North America (2002) Request for comment on bioreactor definition. Submitted to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, 29 June 2001 Townsend TG (1995) Leachate recycle at solid waste landfills using horizontal injection. D. dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville US EPA (2011) Municipal solid waste generation, recycling, and disposal in the United States: facts and figures for 2010. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC Zhang DQ, Tan SK, Gersberg RM (2010) Municipal solid waste management in China: status, problems and challenges.
G. 1007/978-1-4939-2662-6_2 13 14 2 Waste and Landfill Fundamentals Fig. 1 2010 Municipal solid waste composition in the US (US EPA 2011) Fig. 2 Typical MSW composition in Chinese cities (Based on composition studies from 12 cities reported in Zhang et al. 6 kg/capita-day, respectively). 1 presents estimated MSW composition in the US in 2010 (US EPA 2011). The largest component of the US MSW stream is paper (29 %), with yard trimmings (13 %), food scraps (14 %), and plastics (12 %) also contributing heavily.
Sustainable Practices for Landfill Design and Operation by Timothy G. Townsend, Jon Powell, Pradeep Jain, Qiyong Xu, Thabet Tolaymat, Debra Reinhart