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By Denis C. Twitchett, Herbert Franke

ISBN-10: 0521243319

ISBN-13: 9780521243315

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Additional info for The Cambridge History of Latin America: Colonial Latin America

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This occurred, according to various sources, in 1325. • See, Miguel Leon-Portilla,' La aculturacion de los Chichimecas de X6totl', Eitudios de Culture Nabuatl (Universidad Nacional de Mexico, 1968), VII, 59-86. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 14 America on the eve of the Conquest THE MEXICAS (AZTECS) One of the achievements of the Mexica at the height of their political and cultural development (roughly speaking the last 60 years before European contact) was the forging of an image of their own origins, development and identity.

To administer some calpulli, the supreme tlatoani appointed officers known as teteuctin. As has been said, they were often pipiltin. At other times, not being nobles themselves, they were in the service of a family of pipiltin. The group of units of production administered by one teuctli was known as a teccalli (house of the people of the palace), that is, of those appointed by the huey tlatoani. The duties of the teteuctin were very important. They were responsible for production in the socioeconomic unit 'entrusted' to them.

This kind of socio-economic unit constituted a teccalli. Its organization was structured to facilitate the exaction of tribute and personal services directly from the calpulli rather than merely through the conquered chiefdom in whose jurisdiction these calpulli fell. This imposed structure did not suppress the internal socio-economic features of the calpulli. Each one had its local authorities, about whom Alonso de Zorita writes: Two principaks in each calpulli convoke the people to arrange the payment of tribute or to obey what the governor (teuctli) or other officials have commanded...

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The Cambridge History of Latin America: Colonial Latin America by Denis C. Twitchett, Herbert Franke


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