By Robert Baker, R.B. Baker
Like many novel principles, the belief for this quantity and its predecessor arose over lunch within the cafeteria of the previous Wellcome Institute. On an atternoon in Sept- ber 1988, Dorothy and Roy Porter, and that i, sketched out a plan for a collection of conf- ences during which students from various disciplines might discover the emergence of recent scientific ethics within the English-speaking global: from its pre-history within the quarrels that arose as gentlemanly codes of etiquette and honor broke down below the strain of the eighteenth-century "sick trade," to the Enlightenment ethics of John Gregory and Thomas Percival, to the yankee appropriation approach that culminated within the American clinical Association's 1847 Code of Ethics, and to the British flip to scientific jurisprudence within the 1858 clinical Act. Roy Porter officially provided our proposal as a plan for 2 back-to-back c- ferences to the Wellcome belief, and that i provided it to the editors of the PHI- LOSOPHY and medication sequence, H. Tristram Engeihardt, Jr. and Stuart Spicker. The reception from either events used to be enthusiastic and so, with the monetary backing of the previous and a dedication to ebook from the latter, Roy Porter, ably assisted by way of Frieda Hauser and Steven Emberton, - ganized meetings. the 1st used to be held on the Wellcome Institute in - cember 1989; the second one was once backed through the Wellcome, yet was once really held within the nationwide health center, in December 1990.
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Extra resources for The Codification of Medical Morality: Historical and Philosophical Studies of the Formalization of Western Medical Morality in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth ... Jurisprudence in the Nineteenth Century
Peirson aided me in getting into an asylum. Benevolent friends in Salem procured me a loom I learnt to weave mats and can now earn something for my support (, pp. 32-3). Abigail Plumer's account provides damning evidence that Williams' practices violated the ethical codes of the two medical societies, and that Bartlett, by k n o w i n g l y a b e t t i n g t h e s e p r a c t i c e s , v i o l a t e d t h e m as w e l l . W h e r e a s Drs. P e i r s o n a n d R e y n o l d s a b i d e d b y m e d i c a l s o c i e t y rules, r e f u s i n g to d e n i g r a t e e a c h o t h e r 34 ROBERT BAKER in consultation, or to charge Abigail Plumer, Bartlett disparaged other physicians and Williams set high fees for Abigail Plumer, even though she was poor.
But nowhere did the standing committee introduce the word ethics and the "tacit compact" mentioned was in no way comparable to the social contract of the political theorists of the Enlightenment, from Locke to Rousseau. Its closest analogue was the agreement between the medieval craftsman and his guild (, p. 86). Chapman raises two intriguing questions: one historical, the other conceptual. The historical question is straightforward: was the Boston Medical Police a descendant of classical social contract theory?
But, I am not here speaking of the private police of a corporation, or the little arts of a craft. I am treating of the duties of a liberal profession, whose object is the life and health of the human species, a profession to be exercised by gentlemen of honour and ingenuous manners; the dignity of which can never be supported by means that are inconsistent with its ultimate object, and that tend only to increase the pride and fill the pockets of a few individuals (, p. 38; [91, p. 41). Percival countered G r e g o r y ' s liberal position on secret remedies by querying: why are the ingredients o f secret remedies kept secret?
The Codification of Medical Morality: Historical and Philosophical Studies of the Formalization of Western Medical Morality in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth ... Jurisprudence in the Nineteenth Century by Robert Baker, R.B. Baker