By Hormoz Ebrahimnejad
The heritage of drugs in non-European nations has usually been characterised by way of the examine in their local ''traditional'' drugs, similar to (Galenico-)Islamic drugs, and Ayurvedic or chinese language drugs. sleek drugs in those nations, nonetheless, has frequently been considered as a Western corpus of information and establishment, juxtaposing or changing the local medication yet with none natural relation with the neighborhood context.
By discarding different types like Islamic, Indian, or chinese language medication because the myths invented through glossy (Western) historiography within the aftermath of the colonial and put up colonial sessions, the booklet proposes to bridge the space among Western and 'non-Western' medicinal drugs, beginning a brand new standpoint in clinical historiography within which 'modern drugs' turns into an essential component of the heritage of drugs in non-European international locations.
Through essays and case reviews of scientific modernization, this quantity relatively calls into query the categorization of вЂWesternвЂ™ and вЂnon-WesternвЂ™ drugs and demanding situations the concept that sleek medication might merely be constructed in its Western birthplace after which imported to and practised as such to the remainder of the realm. opposed to the concept that of a вЂprojectвЂ™ of modernization on the center of the heritage of recent drugs in non-Western international locations, the chapters of this e-book describe вЂprocessesвЂ™ of scientific improvement by way of highlighting the energetic involvement of neighborhood parts. The bookвЂ™s emphasis is therefore at the вЂmodernizationвЂ™ or вЂconstructionвЂ™ of contemporary drugs relatively that at the diffusion of вЂmodern medicineвЂ™ as an ontological entity past the West.
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Additional info for The Development of Modern Medicine in Non-Western Countries: Historical Perspectives
P. 9). 27 This is the debate on which is based the book edited by Charles Leslie, Asian Medical Systems, op. cit. 28 C. A. Bayly, La naissance du monde moderne, 1780–1914, translated by Michel Cordillot, Paris, Les Editions de l’Atelier, 2007, p. 521. This question is discussed in chapter 2 by M. Harrison. 29 Kapil Raj refutes the diﬀusion from centre (West) to periphery (India) but seems to adhere to the diﬀusionist idea when he tends to reverse the direction from periphery to centre. See: Relocating Modern Science: Circulation and the Construction of Knowledge in South Asia and Europe, 1650–1900, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
The novel was no doubt conceived as a way of supplementing his income but it is also a vehicle for Scott’s views on medicine and politics. The 32 Mark Harrison narrative contrasts the liberty enjoyed by English men and women with the ‘oriental despotism’ of Mysore and Haider’s seraglio. Scott’s knowledge of seraglios probably owed more to Montesquieu’s Persian Letters than to ﬁrsthand experience, yet he writes of the indignities and oppression endured by Haider’s wives. His strictures on liberty are later complemented by an attack on medical authority.
Indeed, he concluded that the acid might be used instead of mercury, which had hitherto been regarded as a speciﬁc to cure bilious, putrid or nervous fevers. Having perceived similar eﬀects to those of mercury – though with less serious side-eﬀects – Scott began to wonder if nitric acid could be used to remove the various symptoms of syphilis. In September 1793 he persuaded his friend Dr Anderson to administer nitric acid in the treatment of syphilis cases from the 77th Regiment in Bombay. The trial was encouraging and Scott had achieved similar success with some cases that he had treated himself.
The Development of Modern Medicine in Non-Western Countries: Historical Perspectives by Hormoz Ebrahimnejad