By Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr., Peter Weingart (eds.)
The interrelations of technology and know-how as an item of research appear to have drawn the eye of a few disciplines: the background of either technological know-how and expertise, sociology, economics and financial historical past, or even the philosophy of technological know-how. The query that involves brain is whether or not the phenomenon itself is new or if advances within the disciplines concerned account for this novel curiosity, or, actually, if either are intercon nected. while the editors got down to plan this quantity, their kind of particular conviction was once that the connection of technology and expertise did show a brand new configuration and that the disciplines enthusiastic about 1tS research failed not less than partially to accommodate the switch as a result of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. to assert this doesn't suggest a verdict at the insufficiency of 1 and the prevalence of the other one disciplinary strategy. quite, the placement is way extra complicated. In economics, for instance, the curiosity within the dating among technological know-how and expertise is deeply stimulated by means of the theoretical challenge of accounting for the criteria of financial progress. the first trouble is with know-how and the matter is whether or not the industry induces technological advances or whether or not they set off new calls for that designate the next diffusion of recent applied sciences. technological know-how is mostly thought of to be an exogenous issue indirectly topic to marketplace forces and, hence, seems to be of no interest.
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Additional resources for The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge
Such behavior is natural. , whether the action is intended or just occurs. But this terminological question which is still open does not influence the answer to the question whether physics is a natural science or not. In the light ofthe use of 'natural' proposed just now, physics is a natural science just then when it deals with natural phenomena. These branches of physics are based on observations, but not on experiments. The other branches belong to technology. It should not be overlooked however that even the natural-scientific parts of physics are not ends in themselves (since man were be born curious and heirs a satisfaction when he discovers the secrets of nature).
The recognition of different levels and types of goals represents a considerable advance, but by failing to distinguish between goals and problems, and even more by linking this analysis with Merton's (45) five ideal types of scientific performer Hagstrom is committed to a static analysis which cannot comprehend interpenetrating goals and means. More fundamentally the analysis of goals, in terms of purposes to be achieved, is hindered by the adoption of a functionalist stance, whereby goals and changes in them can be interpreted only in terms of maintenance of the institution and correspondence with the means for achieving them.
131-158. An explicit critique of empiricist theories of metrization is developed in 'Protophysics of Time' (cf. Note 2). 5. The term 'protophysics' (although occurring already in the 16th century in different connections and senses) was first proposed by P. Lorenzen in the sense meant above. Cf. P. Lorenzen, 'Wie ist die Objektivitat der Physik moglich'r, in P. Lorenzen, Methodisches Denken, pp. 142~151. GOAL DIRECTION OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH RON JOHNSTON Liberal Studies in Science, Manchester University and TOM JAGTENBERG School of Sociology, University of Wollongong 1.
The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge by Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr., Peter Weingart (eds.)