Download e-book for iPad: The Human Advantage: A New Understanding of How Our Brain by Suzana Herculano-Houzel

By Suzana Herculano-Houzel

ISBN-10: 0262034255

ISBN-13: 9780262034258

People are extraordinary. Our brains are big, seven instances higher than they need to be for the scale of bodies. The human mind makes use of 25% of all of the power the physique calls for every day. And it turned huge, immense in a really brief period of time in evolution, permitting us to go away our cousins, the good apes, at the back of. So the human mind is precise, correct? incorrect, in accordance with Suzana Herculano-Houzel. people have built cognitive skills that outstrip these of all different animals, yet now not simply because we're evolutionary outliers. The human mind was once now not singled out to turn into striking in its personal specific manner, and it by no means stopped being a primate mind. If we aren't an exception to the foundations of evolution, then what's the resource of the human advantage?

Herculano-Houzel exhibits that it's not the dimensions of our mind that issues however the undeniable fact that now we have extra neurons within the cerebral cortex than the other animal, due to our ancestors’ invention, a few 1.5 million years in the past, of a extra effective option to receive energy: cooking. simply because we're primates, extra energy in much less time made attainable the swift acquisition of a major variety of neurons within the nonetheless relatively small cerebral cortex -- the a part of the mind liable for discovering styles, reasoning, constructing know-how, and passing it on via tradition.

Herculano-Houzel exhibits us how she got here to those conclusions -- making "brain soup" to figure out the variety of neurons within the mind, for instance, and bringing animal brains in a suitcase via customs. The Human virtue is an interesting and unique examine how we turned extraordinary with no ever being distinct.

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Extra resources for The Human Advantage: A New Understanding of How Our Brain Became Remarkable

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ConllUls, J 670); Quod si expiosionjs vocabulum. in Philosophia ae Medicina insolitum. cuipiam minus arrideat; proinde ut pathologia

Very different is the picture presented in the fully-established or pro­ tracted attack. Here the physical and emotional posture is characterised by accepted suffering, dejection an d passivity. Such patients, unless com­ pelled to act otherwise by internal or external factors, withdraw or re= gress into illness, solitude and seclusion. The emotional depression at such times is very real, often serious, and occasionally suicidal. The fol­ lowing account is taken from an eighteenth-century description: From the first perception of uneasiness in the stomach the spirits begin to flag.

The hateful mood of a migraine-depressed and withdrawn, or furious and irascible-tends to melt away in the stage of lysis, to melt away with the physiological secretion. "Resolution by secretion" thus resembles a catharsis on both physiological and psychological levels·, like weeping for grief. The following case-history illustrates a number of these points. Case 68 This 3 2-year-old man was an ambitious and creative mathematician whose life was geared to a weekly psychophysiological cycle. Towards the end of the working week, he would become fretful, irritable and distractable, "useless" at anything save the simplest routine tasks.

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The Human Advantage: A New Understanding of How Our Brain Became Remarkable by Suzana Herculano-Houzel

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