Elena E. Kuz'mina & J. P. Mallory's The Origin of the Indo-Iranians PDF

By Elena E. Kuz'mina & J. P. Mallory

ISBN-10: 900416054X

ISBN-13: 9789004160545

The following, then is the fruit of Elena Kuz'mina's life-long quest for the Indo-Iranians. Already its predecessor ("Otkuda prishli indoarii", released in 1994) used to be thought of the main entire research of the origins of the Indo-Iranians ever released, yet during this new, considerably accelerated version (edited by way of J.P. Mallory) we discover a complete account of the Andronovo tradition of Eurasia. Taking its facts from archaeology, linguistics, ethnology, mythology, and actual anthropology touching on Indo-Iranian origins and expansions, it comprehensively covers the relationships of this tradition with neighboring parts and cultures, and its function within the starting place of the Indo-Iranian peoples.

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Kozhumberdy The Kozhumberdy type of the Alakul’ line of development is found in western Kazakhstan (the cemeteries of Tursumbay I, II, Elenovka II, Shandasha I, II, Kupukhta, Baytu I, II, Ataken-say, Ushkatta, Tasty-Butak, Buget II, Kozhumberdy, Kirgil’da I, II, Tulaykin Aul, Novy Akkerman, Khabarnoe I, II, Kunakbay-say, Ural-say, Pochtovy Post, Baturasay, Ilek, Rossovkhoz, Kuagash, and the settlements of Dzharly and Elenovka microdistricts, Tasty-Butak). The kurgans are characterized by having a stone circle (types IIa, IIIa) and in later kurgans by adjoining fenced enclosures (type VIIa).

S. Sorokin, A. N. Margulan were also employed. These sources were especially valuable in cases where the originals were now lost or exported. 3 Excavations were made on some settlements (Ushkatta 1, 2, 7, 9, Kiimbay, Kupukhta, Baytu, Shandasha, Tursumbay, and cemeteries at Ushkatta, Ataken-say, Baytu 1, 2, Kupukhta, Shandasha 1, 4, Tursumbay, etc. ). Surveys were also conducted in western Kazakhstan, the Orenburg, Chelyabinsk and Kurgan regions in the Urals where we discovered or made secondary investigations of about 100 sites, and excavated cemeteries at Emba, Kozhumberdy, Tuktubaevo, Kinzerskiy, and Alakul’, and the settlement of Chernorech’e (Kuz’mina 1961b; 1969; 1973a; etc).

3. The verification of the ethnic attribution of a culture (cultural unity) on the basis of migrations involving the culture (unity) in its natural habitat and adjoining regions. 4. The verification of the ethnic attribution of an archaeological culture (unity) by anthropological materials. 5. Testing the validity of an ethnic attribution by comparing it to data concerning putative ethnic contacts (groups of ethnoses) and bearers of other languages. 6. Testing the validity of an ethnic attribution by superimposing an archaeological map on a map of toponyms and hydronyms.

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The Origin of the Indo-Iranians by Elena E. Kuz'mina & J. P. Mallory

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