By R. Douglas Fields
Regardless of every thing that has been written in regards to the mind, a very likely severe a part of this very important organ has been overlooked—until now. The different mind examines the turning out to be value of glia, which make up nearly eighty five percentage of the cells within the mind, and the position they play in how the mind services, malfunctions, and heals itself.
Long overlooked as little greater than cerebral packing fabric, glia (meaning “glue”) at the moment are identified to control the circulate of data among neurons and to fix the mind and spinal twine after harm and stroke. yet scientists also are learning that diseased and broken glia play an important function in psychiatric health problems equivalent to schizophrenia and melancholy, and in neurodegenerative ailments reminiscent of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. Diseased glia reason mind melanoma and a number of sclerosis and are associated with infectious ailments corresponding to HIV and prion affliction (mad cow affliction, for instance) and to continual discomfort. The extra we know about those cells that make up the “other” mind, the extra very important they appear to be.
Written through a neuroscientist who's a pacesetter in glial study, The different mind gives readers a way more whole realizing of the way the mind works and an interesting examine probably progressive advancements in mind technology and medication.
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Additional resources for The Other Brain: From Dementia to Schizophrenia, How New Discoveries about the Brain Are Revolutionizing Medicine and Science
I thank my dad, an electrical engineer who had me drawing atoms and electrons in kindergarten when my friends were drawing cars, for my love of science, and my mom, a farm girl who rode bareback into the fields to write stories on the back of her horse, for my love of letters. And to Melanie I owe thanks for a bit more than this book, for love, life, and family. PART I Discovering the Other Brain CHAPTER 1 Bubble Wrap or Brilliant Glue? EinstEin舗s Brain With a final slice he dropped the scalpel into the stainless steel tray, and reaching into the open skull with both hands, he carefully scooped out the brain.
I could not have had a better person helping me and working as my agent. When Simon 8 Schuster agreed to publish the book, the difficult task of guiding a research scientist through the complex process of writing a book that the public might want to read fell to Senior Editor Bob Bender. Bob舗s expert guidance has been crucial in bringing this book to completion, and I am grateful for his help and commitment to the project. I am indebted to Loretta Denner, to Amy Ryan for her discerning copyediting, to Morgan Ryan for careful fact-checking, and to Johanna Li.
If neurotransmitter is taken up too quickly, the message will appear too briefly to have full effect on the postsynaptic cell. If the energy requirements of the neuron cannot be met by the nutrients supplied by astrocytes, the neuron will run out of gas. Astrocytes are thus in a position of control. As long as scientists probed glia with the same electrodes they used to probe neurons, they were destined to fail to discover what glia are doing in our brain and nerves. Because glia do not generate electrical impulses, understanding how glia communicate and interact with neurons required a new technique: calcium imaging.
The Other Brain: From Dementia to Schizophrenia, How New Discoveries about the Brain Are Revolutionizing Medicine and Science by R. Douglas Fields