By Jonathan Morris
This publication analyzes the company, geography and politics of shopkeeping in Milan among 1886 and 1922. the writer experiences the trades, recommendations, tax constitution and topography of the Milanese retail region, addresses questions with regards to petit bourgeois identification, and explains why shopkeepers have been to be chanced on at the political correct within the years that led as much as the Fascist takeover. this can be the 1st full-scale learn of any point of the event of the Italian petite bourgeoisie within the pre-Fascist interval.
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Additional resources for The Political Economy of Shopkeeping in Milan, 1886-1922 (Past and Present Publications)
E. lawyer, doctor), any art, any form of commercial practice, a manufacturing business or retail operation of any sort on their own account. Firms, clubs and societies were also included, bar those of a purely political, educational or charitable nature. Those who sold state monopoly goods were exempt, however. The class to which each enterprise was assigned was calculated with reference to the nature and type of the enterprise, the number of rooms occupied and the rent payable upon them, the number of employees and, most importantly, the value of its assets.
5a-d shows a similar pattern of consumption per capita in the interno between 1880 and 1897, especially when three-year moving averages are constructed. There is a relative plateau of consumption during the first three quarters of the 1880s followed by a dramatic and virtually continuous fall thereafter. This mirrors the business cycle as a whole and confirms the immediate effect of the economic climate on the consumption levels of basic goods. 34 Indeed, consumption of other goods probably fell by a much greater proportion than that of cereal-based foods.
The Camera di Commercio was shorn of much of the legal autonomy of the old corporations and merchants' chambers, and was intended to be clearly subordinated to the government. Its role was increasingly that of an organisation of economic interests through which government and commerce could communicate, but the restrictions on membership, and more particularly on those allowed to stand or vote in elections to the chamber's council, meant that its personnel were not drawn from petit-bourgeois backgrounds, and the Chamber never represented the interests of small commerce.
The Political Economy of Shopkeeping in Milan, 1886-1922 (Past and Present Publications) by Jonathan Morris