By Judith Hook
The sack of Rome stunned the Christian global. Following the conflict of Pavia, Pope Clement VII joined the French-led League of Cognac to withstand the threatened Habsburg domination of Europe. Emperor Charles V appealed to the German vitamin for aid and raised a military, which entered Italy in 1527 and joined the imperial forces from Milan, commanded via the duke of Bourbon. This military marched on Rome, hoping to detach the pope from the league. the numerous Lutherans in its ranks boasted that they got here with hemp halters to hold the cardinals and a silk one for the pope. Rome fell on 6 might 1527, Bourbon being killed within the first attack. self-discipline collapsed, and the town used to be savagely pillaged for every week ahead of a few keep watch over was once restored. Judith Hook's publication is a vintage narrative historical past of those occasions and one of many first to seem in English.
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Guicciardini, against all expectation - for he had no money with which to pay his troops, and the cardinals, engrossed in the conclave, could not even be bothered to answer his letters appealing for help managed to hold onto Modena, but had to let Reggio and its dependent town Rubiera fall into the hands of the Ferrarese. com - licensed to University of St Andrews - PalgraveConnect - 2011-09-24 CLEMENT VII AND ROME THE SACK OF ROME Within the conclave itself the Orsini and Colonna families could come to no agreement, but outside the wall the same factions promised to support the Roman commune in starving the cardinals into agreement.
Schomberg was a native of Saxony but had arrived in Italy while he was still young to study law. In Florence he had fallen under the spell of Savonarola and had entered the Dominican order. In 15 20 Leo X made him archbishop of Capua, and Clement appointed him as his secretary of state. Schomberg was now in his fifties, a mature and experienced man but a convinced imperialist. Clement's relations with the emperor could often, therefore, be gauged by whether or not Schomberg was being used in government.
In the early stages of the Italian wars Rome was immune from the miseries endured by other Italian cities and became a second home for refugees from the north. In the early sixteenth century the Borgo and Trastevere, the two areas of settlement on the north bank of the Tiber, were still completely separate and to go from one to another it was necessary to go out by Porta Settimania, cross the virtually uninhabited area by the river and enter the Borgo through Porta San Spirito. The traveller who did so would pass by one of the wonders of contemporary Rome, the new villa, now called the Farnesina, built by Peruzzi for the great Sienese banker Agostino Chigi, a villa of which Vasari said that its beauty showed it to have been born, not made.
The Sack of Rome: 1527 by Judith Hook