Read e-book online The Single-Neuron Theory: Closing in on the Neural Correlate PDF

By Steven Sevush

ISBN-10: 3319337076

ISBN-13: 9783319337074

ISBN-10: 3319337084

ISBN-13: 9783319337081

This e-book provides an attractive account of a provocative new conception which explores how our mind generates unsleeping adventure and the place this happens. It means that unsleeping event occurs now not on the complete mind point yet on the point of person nerve cells. The inspiration that the mind as a complete is sentient is an phantasm created by means of the beautiful association of the separately unsleeping neurons. regardless of appearances on the contrary, wakeful habit that looks the made from a unmarried macroscopic brain is really the built-in output of a refrain of microscopic minds, every one linked to anyone neuron. the result's a thought that revolutionizes our notion of who and what we are.

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Additional info for The Single-Neuron Theory: Closing in on the Neural Correlate of Consciousness

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Why not say that just as the spinal cord is a machine with few reflexes, so the hemispheres are a machine with many, and that that is all the difference? 12 In 1874, the 26-year-old German neurologist Carl Wernicke (1848– 1905) was the first to provide explicit evidence of reflex activity in the cortex. He reported his observations of a patient who had lost his ability to comprehend speech following damage to his posterior temporal cortex. Wernicke hypothesized that the damaged cortical region, now known as “Wernicke’s area,” served as a second language center to complement the one identified by Broca a decade earlier.

The situation changed abruptly in the 1970s with the invention of the computer assisted tomographic (CAT) scan, followed in the 1980s by the development of the higher resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. These new brain scans used computer reconstruction to produce cross-sectional views of the brain that matched the cross-sectional views provided by brain slices at autopsy. The technique allowed investigators to quickly identify the precise location of cortical damage from strokes, tumors, and trauma, allowing for clinical/anatomical correlations to be made within hours of the clinical examination.

Perhaps, say emergentists, sentience emerges in a similar manner from the aggregation of brain cells. Again, however, the emergent duality is of the object-object variety. What typifies the mind/brain relationship, in contrast, is that it is a “subject-object” duality. This in fact gives us a working definition of conscious experience: if and only if an entity is both a subject and an object is it conscious in the hard-problem sense. For emergence to be relevant to the mind/brain problem, it would have to be a type of emergence that features subject-object duality at its core.

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The Single-Neuron Theory: Closing in on the Neural Correlate of Consciousness by Steven Sevush


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