By Kiheung Kim
A ancient exploration of medical disputes at the causation of so-called ‘prion diseases’, this interesting e-book covers illnesses together with Scrapie, Creutzfeldt-Jakob affliction (CJD) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). first of all tracing the twentieth-century background of disorder learn and biomedicine, the textual content then specializes in the kin among medical perform and wider social variations, prior to ultimately development upon the sociologically educated methodological framework. Incisive and thought-provoking, The Social building of illness offers a beneficial contribution to that well-established culture of social background of technology, which refers basically to the theoretical works of the sociology of clinical wisdom.
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Additional resources for The Social Construction of Disease (Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology & Medicine)
The debate came to an end with McGowan’s parasite theory being abandoned, because scrapie was observed to occur in animals where there was no sarcocystis. To investigate the validity of McGowan’s theory, Stockman launched a programme of pathological and transmission experiments between 1921 and 1926. From this series of experiments, Stockman had observed that when scrapie-affected muscle extracts supposed to contain sarcocystis parasites were injected into normal sheep, no apparent symptoms of scrapie were produced.
Cameron 1913) Scrapie in Britain, 1730–1960 15 To sum up, since the 1750s a severe epidemic of a scrapie-like disease had spread from southern England and reached right into Scotland by the 1850s. It became less prevalent from the 1830s and in England the disease disappeared. The virulence, or at least the economic significance, of the disease appeared by that time to have been on the decline. With its decline, the disease generally received no more than passing mention, alongside other diseases of sheep.
2). Furthermore, since the technical committee was set up in 1956, the ARC expected an experimental breakthrough in this field, such as discovery and manufacture of a vaccine for the disease. The technical committee was concerned at the lack of substantial progress. The ARC thought that the lack of progress must in part be due to the shortage of animal virologists in the UK. The Council considered their best course of action would be to invite a distinguished general virologist from overseas who might advise on the future direction of scrapie research (ARC 1960b).
The Social Construction of Disease (Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology & Medicine) by Kiheung Kim