By Martha L. Rose
Historic Greek photographs of incapacity permeate the Western attention: Homer, Teiresias, and Oedipus instantly are evoked. however the employees of Oedipus appears to be like at incapacity within the historical international in the course of the lens of incapacity reviews, and divulges that our interpretations of incapacity within the historical global are frequently skewed. those fake assumptions in flip lend weight to modern day discriminatory attitudes towards disability.
Martha L. Rose considers a variety of disabilities and the narratives surrounding them. She examines not just historic literature, but in addition papyrus, skeletal fabric, inscriptions, sculpture, and portray, and attracts upon glossy paintings, together with autobiographies of individuals with disabilities, clinical study, and theoretical paintings in incapacity experiences. Her learn uncovers the realities of lifestyle for individuals with disabilities in historic Greece and demanding situations the interpretation of the time period adunatos (unable) as "disabled," with all its glossy associations.
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Additional resources for The Staff of Oedipus: Transforming Disability in Ancient Greece
66 In addition to crutches or staffs, apparently there were other aids for people who had difficulty walking, such as the corrective boots and shoes mentioned incidentally in tl1e Hippocratic corpus ( On Joints 62 ) . Plutarch may have such a boot in mind in his story of Damonidas the music master, who prays, when he loses his boots, specially made for his crippled feet, that they might fit their finder ( Moralia 18 d) . 67 Prosthetic devices are not mentioned at all in the Hippocratic cor pus .
Ischemia (localized anemia) and gangrene ( decay of tissue resulting from this lack of blood supply) are common results of injuryY Limb loss could also result from ischemia and gangrene from advanced dia betes. D. C. D. ( The Igno rant Book -Collector 6). Cold injuries have been documented at surpris ingly warm temperatures, up to twelve degrees Celsius, or about fifty four degrees Fahrenheit. The limbs do not fall off immediately from the cold, but rather mummifY and fall off on their own or can be removed with forceps a few weeks later.
C. C. ) . 3 8 Rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic, inflammatory disorder of the connective tissue that today affects three million Americans, also existed in the ancient world. 39 Rheumatoid arthritis is incurable, but its symptoms are handled today with a range of treatments, such as steroid drugs and surgery, that were not available in tl1e ancient world. Gout, too, was recognized and dis cussed by the Hippocratics . 4o The skeleton of a female from the Proto geometric period shows signs of a big-toe inflammation, a common symptom of goutY Gout can be kept under control today by a variety of drugs; while we do not know the specifics, people suffering from gout in the ancient world also had treatments available Y Infectious arthritis is not a well-known phenomenon in the modern world, as it can be treated with antibiotics; sterile treatment for injuries has led to fewer cases of infectious arthritis .
The Staff of Oedipus: Transforming Disability in Ancient Greece by Martha L. Rose