By Thomas H. Broman
By way of reading German collage drugs among 1750 and 1820, this e-book provides a brand new interpretation of the emergence of contemporary scientific technological know-how. It demonstrates that the improvement of contemporary medication as a occupation linking thought and perform didn't emerge abruptly from the progressive transformation of Europe on the commencing of the 19th century, as Foucault and others have argued. as a substitute, Thomas H. Broman issues to cultural and institutional alterations happening in the course of the moment 1/2 the eighteenth century that reshaped either scientific conception and physicians' expert id. one of the most crucial of those components was once the emergence of a literary public sphere in Germany among 1750 and 1800, a improvement that revealed scientific writing to new discourses corresponding to Jena Romanticism and created the level on which the sour scientific controversies of the 1790s will be performed.
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Extra info for The Transformation of German Academic Medicine, 1750-1820
81. O n the history of academic degrees in general, see Knapp, "Doktor und Magister," Wurttembergische VierteljahrshefteforLandesgeschichte, Neue Folge 34 (1928): 44—56; Ewald Horn, "Die Disputationen und Promotionen an den deutschen Universitaten vornehmlich seit dem 16. Jahrhundert," Beihefte zum CentralblattforBibliothekswesen 4 (1893—1894): 1-126; and G. Kaufmann, "Zur Geschichte der academischen Grade und Disputationen," CentralblattforBibliothekswesen 11 (1894): 201—25. 55 Heinrich Schipperges, "Geschichte der medizinischen Fakultat," in Geschichte der ChristianAlbrechts-Universitdt Kiel Bd.
There were sons of twelve millers, ten brewers, nine bakers, four butchers, four weavers, and so on. Also remarkable 28 The transformation of German academic medicine Medical students were likely to find themselves among a tiny minority in most universities. Outside of large medical faculties at Halle, Leipzig, Jena, and Gottingen, most universities did not have more than a dozen medical students at any one time. In the 1760s, the University of Heidelberg had between seven and ten medical students, approximately the same number as at Tubingen, Erlangen, and Erfurt.
Other occupational groups consisted of teachers, government councilors, merchants and tradesmen, and craftsmen and laborers. A survey of the biographies published by Boerner in his Nachrichten and by Ernst Gottfried Baldinger in Biographien jetztlebender Aerzte und Naturforscher in und ausser Deutschland, 3 Stiicke (Jena, 17681772) produces the following occupational groups: Father's occupation Number of students % Clerics (including high church officials) Physicians Surgeons and apothecaries Other professors Jurists and high government officials Merchants and tradesmen 29 25 25 17 9 9 8 Total 97 22 15 8 8 7 85 Sample size: 114 Other occupations included innkeeper, chamber musician, shoemaker, butcher, blacksmith, tax collector, and various other minor government officials.
The Transformation of German Academic Medicine, 1750-1820 by Thomas H. Broman