Get The Verb in Turkish PDF

By Eser Erguvanli Taylan

ISBN-10: 9027227659

ISBN-13: 9789027227652

This booklet is a set of articles at the houses of the verb in Turkish because the middle section of clause constitution, by way of linguists from various elements of the area. Articles current the newest analyses at the Turkish language conducted in quite a few theoretical orientations in the functional-formal diversity. the subjects researched within the contributions focus on houses of verbal inflection because the morphological ability to precise temporal, aspectual and modal notions, and the results of those morphological configurations to syntactic theory.

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Example text

YIm -yIm -yım 25 26 Engin Sezer Note crucially here that it is not the auxiliary (copula) i-/Ø that selects the correct agreement affix on the predicate adjective. In fact agreement does not head the auxiliary, which is a verb. What exclusively selects the clitic agreement paradigm is the Ø present tense affix. 28 This analysis is problematic in one very important respect, and that is what to do with the extra tense in the finite verbal forms. This is initially noticed by Deny (1921: 419), as he points out that the clitic paradigm is used with two functions: (a) as the present of the i- Auxiliary (his substantive verb) and (b) as personal agreement.

Checking of the functional categories involve raising of the complement to the head position to collect the next affix. This will be relevant in cases where the question clitic mI intervenes between some Tense affixes and the agreement clitics. 2. Finite inflection in Turkish 24. This leads Kornfilt (1996) to assume that -DI, -sE and -mIs¸ are each single affixes, but that their meanings change with respect to the position they occupy in the inflectional complex. In the light of the observations made so far, it is not clear how such a system can be made to work formally or semantically.

This claim finds independent support from the fact that forms such as -yEcEg, -Er/-Ir, -mIs¸, and -Iyor, become complements to some predicate expressions that normally head substantives. This state of affairs was first observed systematically by Deny (1921: 382), where he notes, “Mostly, the source of the conjugated verb forms in Turkish, as is evident from the way they look, is made up of nominal statements, having a Finite inflection in Turkish nominal form (a participle) as predicate, followed by an auxiliary (copula)”.

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The Verb in Turkish by Eser Erguvanli Taylan


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