By Eser Erguvanli Taylan
This booklet is a set of articles at the houses of the verb in Turkish because the middle section of clause constitution, by way of linguists from various elements of the area. Articles current the newest analyses at the Turkish language conducted in quite a few theoretical orientations in the functional-formal diversity. the subjects researched within the contributions focus on houses of verbal inflection because the morphological ability to precise temporal, aspectual and modal notions, and the results of those morphological configurations to syntactic theory.
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Additional info for The Verb in Turkish
YIm -yIm -yım 25 26 Engin Sezer Note crucially here that it is not the auxiliary (copula) i-/Ø that selects the correct agreement aﬃx on the predicate adjective. In fact agreement does not head the auxiliary, which is a verb. What exclusively selects the clitic agreement paradigm is the Ø present tense aﬃx. 28 This analysis is problematic in one very important respect, and that is what to do with the extra tense in the ﬁnite verbal forms. This is initially noticed by Deny (1921: 419), as he points out that the clitic paradigm is used with two functions: (a) as the present of the i- Auxiliary (his substantive verb) and (b) as personal agreement.
Checking of the functional categories involve raising of the complement to the head position to collect the next aﬃx. This will be relevant in cases where the question clitic mI intervenes between some Tense aﬃxes and the agreement clitics. 2. Finite inflection in Turkish 24. This leads Kornﬁlt (1996) to assume that -DI, -sE and -mIs¸ are each single aﬃxes, but that their meanings change with respect to the position they occupy in the inﬂectional complex. In the light of the observations made so far, it is not clear how such a system can be made to work formally or semantically.
This claim ﬁnds independent support from the fact that forms such as -yEcEg, -Er/-Ir, -mIs¸, and -Iyor, become complements to some predicate expressions that normally head substantives. This state of aﬀairs was ﬁrst observed systematically by Deny (1921: 382), where he notes, “Mostly, the source of the conjugated verb forms in Turkish, as is evident from the way they look, is made up of nominal statements, having a Finite inflection in Turkish nominal form (a participle) as predicate, followed by an auxiliary (copula)”.
The Verb in Turkish by Eser Erguvanli Taylan