By James Walvin
On November 29, 1781, Captain Collingwood of the British send Zong commanded his staff to throw overboard one-third of his shipment: a cargo of Africans certain for slavery in the USA. The captain believed his send used to be off track, and he feared there has been no longer adequate ingesting water to final till landfall. This booklet is the 1st to check intimately the deplorable killings at the Zong, the lawsuit that ensued, how the homicide of 132 slaves affected debates approximately slavery, and how we take into accout the notorious Zong today.
Historian James Walvin explores all elements of the Zong's voyage and the next trial—a case dropped at court docket no longer for the homicide of the slaves yet as a swimsuit opposed to the insurers who denied the owners' declare that their "cargo" have been inevitably jettisoned. The scandalous case brought on huge debate and fueled Britain's awakening abolition stream. with out the episode of the Zong, Walvin contends, the method of finishing the slave alternate may have taken a wholly varied ethical and political trajectory. He concludes with a desirable dialogue of ways the case of the Zong, although distinct within the historical past of slave ships, has turn out to be understood as commonplace of existence on all such ships.
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Extra resources for The Zong: A Massacre, the Law and the End of Slavery
But such operations require careful attention to detail—a deception exposed is like a boomerang—and as we perceived in Vienna, the KGB’s execution could be less sophisticated than its plan. Among the false agents they strewed in our path in Vienna, like Feoktistov mentioned above, was Olga, a half-Russian interpreter from Austria whom we duly recruited to spy on the Soviet military command where she worked. After a number of meetings which netted us mediocre tidbits about the Soviet city command in the Bellaria building on Vienna’s Ring, Olga told us she was being avidly pursued by a young Soviet ofﬁcer named Sasha, and she rather liked him, too.
It was a climate made for adventurers, black marketers, information peddlers and fabricators, soldiers without an army, refugees from the East without prospects of going further, and former intelligence operatives with a cunning sense of what the increasingly hostile occupiers would want to know about each other. More promisingly, the city offered extraordinary access to Soviet ofﬁcials, the only potential human sources of the critical military-political intelligence the White House was desperately demanding of us in CIA.
There in 1950 came the next turn along my career path, in the form of a poke in the back as I hustled along the corridor to the cafeteria for a late luncheon sandwich. I turned to see the red hair and smiling face of John Dimmer, a friend from student days in Switzerland. Neither of us knew that the other had signed on. ’’ he said. ’’ With all the authority of his three months’ seniority this veteran added another bit of advice. ‘‘You should join us in Vienna. Small station. ’’ This sounded good to me, having already had a taste of Vienna.
The Zong: A Massacre, the Law and the End of Slavery by James Walvin