Download e-book for kindle: Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in by Mario Luis Small

By Mario Luis Small

ISBN-10: 0195384350

ISBN-13: 9780195384352

ISBN-10: 0199725004

ISBN-13: 9780199725007

Social capital theorists have proven that a few humans do larger than others partly simply because they get pleasure from greater, extra supportive, or in a different way extra necessary networks. yet why do a little humans have greater networks than others? Unanticipated Gains argues that the perform and constitution of the church buildings, schools, companies, gyms, childcare facilities, and faculties during which humans occur to take part mostly topic greater than their planned "networking."

Exploring the reviews of recent York urban moms whose young children have been enrolled in childcare facilities, this publication examines why loads of those moms, after enrolling their kids, dramatically extended either the scale and value in their own networks. no matter if, how, and what sort of the mother's networks have been altered--and how precious those networks were--depended at the it sounds as if trivial, yet remarkably consequential, practices and rules of the facilities. The constitution of parent-teacher businesses, the frequency of fieldtrips, and the principles concerning drop-off and pick-up instances all affected the moms' networks. hoping on rankings of in-depth interviews with moms, quantitative info on either moms and facilities, and precise case reviews of different regimen enterprises, Small indicates that how a lot humans achieve from their connections relies considerably on institutional stipulations they generally don't regulate, and during daily approaches they might not also be acutely aware of.

Emphasizing now not the connections that individuals make, however the context during which they're made, Unanticipated Gains offers an important new viewpoint on social capital and at the mechanisms generating social inequality.

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Extra info for Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life

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29 However, having longitudinal data provides a distinct advantage. I followed a strategy that requires minimal assumptions, produces naturally interpretable results, and yields robust estimates. 31 Finally, the estimates consider the role of center networks—specifically, whether making friends in centers helps account for any relationship between enrollment and lesser hardship. In doing so, we must consider differences in people’s basic propensity to make friends. For all mothers in a given center, the friendlier ones will be more likely expand their network, if for no reason than their greater likelihood of being purposive social investors.

1 makes clear that enrolled and non enrolled mothers differ in important ways. Enrolled mothers have slightly fewer children and higher probabilities of being married, college educated, and employed or in school full time. Notably, the number of adults in the household, which is a standard indicator of social support, does not differ among the sets of mothers. 1. 83) 29% 39% 25% Source: Fragile Families Study. Results are weighted. 36% 26% 30% Childcare Centers and Mothers’ Well-Being 37 not in a childcare center.

Consequently, at the moment when new friends might be most useful, mothers have the least time to make them. In fact, the childcare center has become an increasingly important organization because births to unmarried mothers have reached historic highs, at 36% in 2004 for all unmarried mothers. 78 It has become especially important to low-income mothers since the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, which eliminated the old welfare system, instituted a work requirement, forcing mothers to find childcare arrangements.

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Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life by Mario Luis Small

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