By Renzo Derosas, Michel Oris
This quantity is a vital contribution to the social and cultural heritage of the relatives and records that widowhood and orphanhood have been general earlier than the 20 th century. How did the survivors do something about such tragedy? what sort of aid did they obtain from their group and family members? what number widows remarried? what number young ones grew up as step-children or wards? and the way did those situations impression their futures? whereas person tales are common topics in literature, the social historical past of those stories has but to be written, particularly from a comparative standpoint. The sixteen essays during this publication supply a clean examine the kin background of widowhood and orphanhood in a dozen eu and Asian international locations.
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Additional info for When Dad died: individuals and families coping with family stress in past societies
Widows, especially widows with adolescent daughters, were considered to be in a dangerous position, and many foundations were created during the 16th and early 17th century, after the Council of Trente, to defend their honour (Woolf, 1986: 24). It was the families of the late and of the widow (parents or brothers) who normally took responsibility for their protection (Hunter, 1989; Palazzi, 1991), but in case of their absence or inefficiency, especially in the big cities, the public authority disposed of what Woolf An interesting effect of extended life expectancy can be observed in England with the development of various intermediate practices as the time to the death of both parents grows longer.
The widow and adopted sons were two major substitutes for the eldest son. However, as Narimatsu's study of a Northeastern village and Hayami's study of a village in Central Japan dramatically show, the function of widows and adopted sons were different. When succession occurred by the death 8 The inheritance right of widows was strengthened in the 14th century (Nomura, 1992, 1993). Widows had the right to control their husband's property after his death and even their children's property inherited from the father.
From the same point of view, the classical division of France into three regions with different customs would hide more aspects than it reveals. These critiques are both valid and inappropriate. A frame is as a by definition a simplification and a synthesis is, probably always and necessarily, incomplete. , 1986: 68-76, 84-91). The most dynamic field in the demographic and socio-economic history of the family is now both traditional and original. Following a Richard Smith's (1984b) proposal, a growing group of scholars explores the relationships between 'Land, Kinship and Life-cycle' (or life course).
When Dad died: individuals and families coping with family stress in past societies by Renzo Derosas, Michel Oris